Smiling Rhay Christou

Acquaintance or Friend: How well do you know your character?

Today I have something special for you — a guest blog by Rhay Christou.

A word of introduction is necessary. Some of you know that I teach at Lawson Writers Academy. Rhay is one of my fellow teachers. She wrote this to share, and graciously allowed me to reprint it here.

This is a powerful writing exercise. Enjoy. I’m hoping to share some PowerPoints from my characters in the next few weeks. Maybe you’ll share some as well!


From Rhay:

As writers we create characters, as people we create friends, but as we all know neither comes in a one-size-fits-all.

There are folks we know from the bus stop, the water cooler, the break room, the gal at the supermarket. We know she has blond hair and blue eyes, ripped abs, a bad knee from standing all day. We might know their name. Might’ve noticed the tiny scar she has at the her eye-line. We ask the how-you-doing, how’s the kids, grand-kids, life kind of questions. We talk about the weather, nod, smile, move on.

But are these friends?

Likely not. These are simply the people that pepper our lives.

Our friends, however, are more. Often there are no smiles or nods and definitely no moving on.

We share our lives with these people.  We know what they are doing this weekend or next week, we fill up their trough with our stories and in turned get filled theirs. These are intimate, powerful, vulnerable relationships.

The humanity of writing

Perhaps it is this ability to forge such connections that leaves me a tad flabbergasted when I read some stories.

I Know the character is tall, blond, has a sunflower tat on her ankle. I know she was left broken-hearted, never recovered, has a mean mom and a great dad. However, I don’t know what any of this means to the character.

I don’t know the character, and so I don’t connect. Or care. Not caring is a huge thing because we are asking a reader to give time, energy and effort to our stories and if we don’t offer that “caring” in return, we are not keeping our promise to entertain. In essence, we are wasting the readers time.

Caring is the key to connecting our readers to our stories. Knowing the characters is the key caring, but if we haven’t forged a connection, a friendship if you will, with our characters, we cannot hope to create that connection for the reader.

Know your character.

Like people, characters do not spring fully formed. We are a collection of past experiences, slow growth, the same mistake, a sudden shock. 

These moments in your character’s life define character and will have a lasting impact on story. He’ll either try to mask his weakness or be brave and show his truth.

Either way, knowing your character means seeing her as a person before she walked onto the page.

PowerPoint memory (PPM)

Think about yourself, your joys, weaknesses, secrets you don’t share.

I bet most come from your experiences. The great times and the baggage times. But have you thought about the moments that brought you to you? What memories connect to your vulnerability?

Example: My first PPM was around two. I couldn’t tell you what our house looked like, but I remember standing on the cracked driveway between the big car and our gray home.

The cold Michigan air and sky made everything feel big and scary, especially my mother, who seemed like an angry giant ready to devour me.

Her bony finger pointed at the house, or more precisely at the scrawl of black crayon scribbled on our house. I can’t remember what she said or what happened, but it is a vivid mental image.  

It was a PPM for me. The first time, I realized I could be naughty, make my mother angry, do something wrong. More importantly, I remember that I did not like the feeling. 

Another time,  I’m on the carport floor playing with my little people and blocks and singing a silly made-up song and loving my game.

That’s when two kids skipped by, mimicked my song, laughed at me.

Explanation: As solitary moments these memories mean nothing, but each had a powerful impact on the who I brought into my story. The PPMs shaped me into a person who would wear the appropriate mask.

Loud and easy to laugh at myself. If I laugh, others laughing doesn’t hurt. Always striving to make others happy because I didn’t like people being mad at me.

Our PowerPoint past creates our vulnerabilities.

You may think you know character. And you may be right, but I’m betting if you take the time to create a pre-story timeline, you’ll discover a thing or two you didn’t know.

Pre-story PowerPoint timeline.

With a notebook and pen in hand, get away from your computer.

Think about the character you have on your page.

What do you know about your characters wants, needs, past? His actions, behaviors, goals?

Go deeper.

 Create a pre-story timeline of PPMs.

  • Fights
  • Arguments
  • Humiliations
  • Losses
  • Moments of pure joy
  • Resonating moments and memories

Try to include at least two PPMs for each decade.

  • Some of these memories might be larger than others.
  • Some might introduce people from the past.
  • Some might be scenes.
  • Some may be blips.

Explore. Play. Let your mind free and have fun delving into someone else.

Once you’ve done your timeline, step away for a bit and come back with fresh eyes.

  • Circle any new information.
  • Highlight new PPMs.
  • Identify feelings attached to those PPMs.
  • How do those moments or feelings connect?
  • How do the feelings impact the character that is about to step into the story?
  • How did the situations impact your character?
  • Which PPM is the longest and most detailed? This memory is probably telling you something important about your character. It is most likely a defining moment in your character’s life.

While much of what you have created may never make it into your story, what you have created will empower how your character, acts, reacts, relates and interacts within your story.

So what have you discovered? Would love to hear in the comments.

About Rhay:

The two things I love most in the world are teaching and creative writing. With my MFA in writing from Vermont College, I have had the great fortune to combine the two. Since graduating I’ve taught everything from creative writing to academic writing at the university level as well as writing workshop on the lovely island of Cyprus, in Greece and the USA, as well as offering several classes at Lawson Writers Academy. 

For more information about this month’s class, Creating Compelling Characters, visit me here:

reading bunny

Agile Development Revisited

reading bunnyIn December 2008, I signed the Agile Manifesto.

Agile development refers to a process of designing software that is customer-focused and favors results over process. There is a lot more to it. Read the principles if you are interested.

The key points are responding rapidly to an ever-changing environment while keeping in mind the customer’s goals and needs. It also involves accepting that those goals and needs may change at any point.

At EPICon 2013 I heard a speaker refer to the modern writing and publishing industry as requiring all aspects of the field to engage in agile development.


Gone are the days when an author could spend 20 years writing a work of stunning genius. Now, the key is rapid production of material that will be enjoyed and consumed. As writers, we have to remain flexible. Explore new technology. We need to constantly research new methods of marketing and productivity while continuing to produce. We have to expect that what works for producing this book may not work for producing our next book.

In reality, I suppose it isn’t that earth-shaking of a concept. I’ve lived by the manifesto for years before I ever heard of it. I just never thought of applying agile development to my writing career. As I listened to the speaker, I realized that this is exactly what I haave been doing the last couple of years as the industry has changed. I’ve been adapting my processes and setting up a system that gets results.

Fascinating. So what would the Agile Manifesto look like for writers? Here’s my guess:

We are uncovering better ways of writing stories by writing and helping others to write and publish.
Through this work we have come to value:


Pleasing our readers over the best sellers’ lists
Telling the stories we have to tell over marketability
Producing books while learning our craft over striving for perfection
Responding to change over following traditional methods


That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.

What do you think? How would you rewrite the manifesto for modern writers?

Surrey International Writers Conference Logo

Surrey International Writers’ Conference

Surrey International Writers Conference LogoI’m going to Surrey! The confirmation has been received: I’m a registered Trade Show vendor at the 16th Annual Surrey International Writers’ Conference. Table decorations and gifts are on order.

This is an exciting opportunity for me, because I love working with my fellow writers. Let’s face it: content is the most important part of any website, and writers know how to generate content. The trick is learning what to do with that content, handling the marketing, and creating a site that is as unique as the person it represents.

If you’re going to be at the conference, stop by my booth and play with the toys I’m bringing. I’ve got lots of goodies to give away.